Onion

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Family: LILIACEAE
Botanical Name: allium cepa L. condensa (L) Bailey

Common Name:
SPANISH: Cebolla ENGLISH: Onion FRENCH: Oignon DUTCH: Ui
PORTUGUESE: Onion GERMAN: Zwiebel ITALIAN: Cipolla

General characteristics:
Biannual species that can behave as a perennial but is normally grown as an annual to harvest its bulbs. The stem is a disc with very short internodes from which the leaves grow, forming fleshy and enveloping sheaths on the lower part, giving rise to the bulb, and on the upper part a cylindrical, green, welded blade. Under normal conditions, flowering takes place in the second year, but it is common to see onions in flower in their first year, usually due to an inappropriate growing season. The central bud emits a hollow flower scape which ends up emitting a spherical flower mass. The outer leaves of the bulb, when dry, form a sheet called tunic which can acquire various colours depending on the variety and are classified as white, yellow and red.

Indicative data:

● Number of Seeds per Gram: 250-300
● Useful Plants per 10 gr. of Seed: 800-1000
● Planting spacing between rows: 25-40 cm
● Planting spacing between plants: 10-15 cm
● Broadcast sowing pattern: Broadcast (10 gr/m2)
● Pickling: 5 cm. between rows x spurt
● Sowing depth: 1 cm
● Germination power: 1-2 years
● Growing Cycle: 3 months, 6 months
● Kilograms per Seed per Hectare: 6-9, 80-100
● Germination Temperature (minimum, maximum, optimum): 5ºC, 30ºC, 20ºC

VARIETYSOWINGHARVESTING
ON-5244Early September-OctoberEnd of May-Early June
ON-5288End of SeptemberEnd of March-Early April
ON-5462End of SeptemberEnd of March-Early April
ON-5476Early September-OctoberEnd of March-Early April
ON-5600Early SeptemberEnd of March
ON-5614 NEWSeptemberMarch
ON-5654End of SeptemberApril
ON-5702 Phase3SeptemberMarch
ON-5134End of September-Early OctoberEarly April
ON-5744 Phase3End of September-Early OctoberEarly April
ON-5180End of September-Early OctoberEnd of April-Early May
ON-5672End of September-Early OctoberEnd of April-Early May
ON-5458End of September-Early OctoberEarly May
ON-5528 NEWEnd of September-Early OctoberEnd of April-Early May
ON-5736End of September-Early OctoberEarly May
ON-5162OctoberEnd of April-Early May
ON-5334Early September-OctoberMay
ON-5514Early September-OctoberEarly May
ON-5130Early NovemberEarly June
ON-5136Early NovemberEnd of May-Early June
ON-5436Early NovemberEnd of June-Early July
ON-5444From January to MarchAugust
ON-5408From January to MarchAugust
ON-5450From January to MarchAugust

Types